THE ROLE OF PROFITABILITY IN MEDIATING INFLUENCES GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE, BUSINESS RISK, CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND FIRM VALUE OF BANKING COMPANIES LISTED IN INDONESIA STOCK EXCHANGE
Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences
Banks are intermediary institutions between parties who are overfunded and those who need funds. Banking management activities are based on trust. The main goal in business is to maximize the value of the company (value of the firm). Achieving maximum company value depends on internal factors and macroeconomic factors. Previous research linking Business Risk, Good Corporate Governance (GCG) and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) to profitability and the value of the company showed different
... esults. Based on this research gap the researcher will try to use the profitability variable as a mediating variable. The method of data collection is the nonparticipant observation method. Secondary data in the form of financial statements of banking companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2015 to 2018. Taking samples using purposive sampling. Based on the sampling criteria obtained 104 banks as research samples. The data analysis technique used is path analysis. The test results show that: (1) business risk has a significant positive effect on profitability, (2) business risk has no significant effect on firm value, (3) GCG has a significant positive effect on profitability, (4) GCG has a significant positive effect on firm value, ( 5) CSR has a significant positive effect on profitability, (6) CSR has no significant effect on firm value, (7) Profitability has a significant positive effect on firm value, (8) Profitability is able to mediate the effect of business risk on firm value, (9) Profitability is able to mediate the effect of GCG on firm value, (10) Profitability is able to mediate the effect of CSR on firm value. KEY WORDS Business risk, good corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, firm value. Company Value can be used as a benchmark for the performance of a company on implementation where financial functions and companies that have good values have good performance (Tikawati, 2016) . It is important to pay attention to the company's value of a company because that value is a picture of the prosperity of the company owner (Hidayah, 2014) . A conflict of interest will arise when the manager acts to prioritize personal interests by abusing his authority and ultimately sacrificing the interests of shareholders, this is usually called an agency conflict. Agency theory Jensen and Meckling (1976) that agency problems will arise when shareholders rely on managers in terms of services on behalf of the company and how to solve them by aligning the interests of the majority and minority.