Shape of a sound wave in a weakly-perturbed Bose gas

Oleksandr Marchukov, Artem Volosniev
2021 SciPost Physics  
We employ the Gross-Pitaevskii equation to study acoustic emission generated in a uniform Bose gas by a static impurity. The impurity excites a sound-wave packet, which propagates through the gas. We calculate the shape of this wave packet in the limit of long wavelengths, and argue that it is possible to extract properties of the impurity by observing this shape. We illustrate here this possibility for a Bose gas with a trapped impurity atom – an example of a relevant experimental setup.
more » ... ted results are general for all one-dimensional systems described by the nonlinear Schr"{o}dinger equation and can also be used in nonatomic systems, e.g., to analyze light propagation in nonlinear optical media. Finally, we calculate the shape of the sound-wave packet for a three-dimensional Bose gas assuming a spherically symmetric perturbation.
doi:10.21468/scipostphys.10.2.025 fatcat:2h2wzcvm5vbwjafk5dymleeob4