Protein kinase D in small cell lung cancer cells: rapid activation through protein kinase C

L Paolucci, E Rozengurt
1999 Cancer Research  
Protein kinase C (PKC) is implicated in the regulation of a variety of important functions in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines, but the downstream signaling targets stimulated by PKCs in these cells remain poorly characterized. Here we report that treatment of the SCLC cell lines H 69, H 345, and H 510 with phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate (PDB) led to a rapid and striking activation of protein kinase D (PKD), a novel serine/threonine protein kinase distinct from all PKC isoforms. PKD
more » ... induced by PDB in these SCLC cell lines was completely abrogated by treatment of the cells with the PKC inhibitor GF 109203X (GF I) at concentrations (0.5-2.5 microM) that did not inhibit PKD activity when added directly to the in vitro kinase assays. Treatment with the biologically active phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate or with membrane-permeable diacylglycerols also stimulated PKD activation, which was also completely prevented by prior exposure of the cells to GF I. The PKC inhibitors Ro 31-8220 and Go 7874 also blocked PKD activation in response to PDB. Addition of the autocrine growth factor bombesin to cultures of H 345 cells induced significant PKD activation that also was prevented by GF I. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, the existence of a PKC/PKD pathway in SCLC cells and raise the possibility that PKD may be an important mediator of some of the biological responses elicited by PKC activation in SCLC cells.
pmid:9973202 fatcat:gpzrytgdxrfwdemtdnnxolxwjm