Smartphone Usage Posture (Sitting and Lying Down) and Musculoskeletal Symptoms among school-aged children (6-12 years old) in Nakhon Si Thammarat ,Thailand [post]

Jittaporn Mongkonkansai, Uraiwan Madardam, Siriluk Veerasakul
2020 unpublished
Background: The posture while using smartphone in school-aged children is at risk on occurring musculoskeletal symptoms. The purpose of this study is to study the postures while using a smartphone and the factors related to the abnormalities of the musculoskeletal symptoms of school-aged children. Method: Experimental study is a method of this research. The samples were 233 school-aged children in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. Multi-stage sampling and data collection consisted questionnaire
more » ... the musculoskeletal symptoms by applying from the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, ISO 11226: 2000 Ergonomics-Evaluation of static postures, which was a smartphone using posture evaluation form with data analysis using percentage, mean, standard deviation and Chi square. Result: The smartphone usage posture are mostly a lying position, which is 52.4%. 91.5 % of children has unacceptable risky smartphone usage posture. Mostly, the lying position has various organs tilted at angles, compared to the body's symmetrical axis, rather than the sitting position. The school-aged children had a prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms of 20.2%, with the lying position having a higher rate of musculoskeletal symptoms, which is 10.7%. The smartphone usage posture is statistically significant correlated with the symptoms occurring in the head area. The risk of ergonomics and the musculoskeletal symptoms are statistically significant. Conclusion: The smartphone usage posture among students is at high risk especially lying position and has a chance of a musculoskeletal symptoms, higher than the sitting position. Educating to provide knowledge about safe use of smartphones to students, parents and relevant government agencies is very important.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-51245/v1 fatcat:ul7lxunbtfhldjo3c4crikayci