Locally private frequency estimation of physical symptoms for infectious disease analysis in Internet of Medical Things

Xiaotong Wu, Mohammad Reza Khosravi, Lianyong Qi, Genlin Ji, Wanchun Dou, Xiaolong Xu
2020 Computer Communications  
Frequency estimation of physical symptoms for peoples is the most direct way to analyze and predict infectious diseases. In Internet of medical Things (IoMT), it is efficient and convenient for users to report their physical symptoms to hospitals or disease prevention departments by various mobile devices. Unfortunately, it usually brings leakage risk of these symptoms since data receivers may be untrusted. As a strong metric for health privacy, local differential privacy (LDP) requires that
more » ... rs should perturb their symptoms to prevent the risk. However, the widely-used data structure called sketch for frequency estimation doesn't satisfy the specified requirement. In this paper, we firstly define the problem of frequency estimation of physical symptoms under LDP. Then, we propose four different protocols, i.e., CMS-LDP, FCS-LDP, CS-LDP and FAS-LDP to solve the above problem. Next, we demonstrate that the designed protocols satisfy LDP and unbiased estimation. We also present two approaches to implement the key component (i.e., universal hash functions) of protocols. Finally, we conduct experiments to evaluate four protocols on two real-world datasets, representing two different distributions of physical symptoms. The results show that CMS-LDP and CS-LDP have relatively optimal utility for frequency estimation of physical symptoms in IoMT.
doi:10.1016/j.comcom.2020.08.015 pmid:32873996 pmcid:PMC7450982 fatcat:4vrnjhzqfrfbjcgubkejll4ln4