Verification of Networks of Smart Energy Systems over the Cloud [chapter]

Alessandro Abate
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This contribution advocates the use of formal methods to verify and certifiably control the behaviour of computational devices interacting over a shared infrastructure. Formal techniques can provide compelling solutions not only when safety-critical goals are the target, but also to tackle verification and synthesis problems on populations of such devices: we argue that alternative solutions based on classical analytical techniques or on approximate computations are prone to errors with global
more » ... epercussions, and instead propose an approach based on formal abstractions, error-based refinements, and the use of interface functions for the synthesis of abstract controllers and their concrete implementation. Two applicative areas are elucidated, dealing respectively with thermal loads and electricity-generating devices interacting over a smart energy network or over a local power grid. We discuss the aggregation of large populations of thermostatically-controlled loads and of photovoltaic panels, and the corresponding problems of energy management in smart buildings, of demand-response on smart grids, and respectively of frequency stabilisation and grid robustness. There is an ever increasing trend to place and integrate computational devices over the cloud. By "cloud" we denote an infrastructure (predominantly with digital features over physical qualities) allowing for seamless (mostly wireless) communication between devices, which thus give form to a network of distinct
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-54292-8_1 fatcat:h6uu3iojxvh45k6sorpxgse7tq