A Study of Lipid Profile in Diabetic Patients

Rosy Khandelia
2017 Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research  
Dyslipidemia is one of the common disorders seen in most of the diabetes patients. Objective: To study the lipid profile in patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods: The study was carried out at a diagnostic and research centre for a period of one year. The study included 100 diabetic patients and 100 healthy subjects .Their serum samples were assessed for fasting blood glucose , total cholesterol , triglycerides, low density lipoprotein(LDL) cholesterol and high density lipoprotein(HDL)
more » ... protein(HDL) cholesterol by using standard biochemical methods after taking informed consent. Results: Out of 100 diabetic patients 45 (45%) were males and 55 (55%) were females. 75 patients presented with type 2 diabetes mellitus(DM) and 25 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Maximum number of patients were in age group of 20-30 years in type-1 and 45-65 years in type-2 diabetes mellitus. 85.3% of type 2 DM patients showed high serum cholesterol level, while only 32% of the type 1 DM patients showed high serum cholesterol level. 80% of type 2 DM patients showed high serum triglyceride level, while 60% of type 1 DM subjects showed high triglyceride level. Serum LDL level was high in 48% of type 2 DM patients, while only 16% of type 1 DM patients showed higher value. 40% of type 1 DM patients showed low(<40 mg/dl) serum HDL value while all patients of type 2 had low serum HDL level. Conclusion: The frequencies of the high cholesterol, high TG , high LDL with low HDL levels were higher in the diabetic group, thus indicating that diabetic patients were more prone for dyslipidemia, which is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disorders.
doi:10.18535/jmscr/v5i8.115 fatcat:nwagkevmtjbydegk6u7hljvzaq