Targeting CD276 by CAR-T cells induces regression of esophagus squamous cell carcinoma in xenograft mouse models

Yujing Xuan, Yuqiao Sheng, Daiqun Zhang, Kai Zhang, Zhen Zhang, Yu Ping, Shumin Wang, Xiaojuan Shi, Jingyao Lian, Kangdong Liu, Yi Zhang, Feng Li
2021 Translational Oncology  
Esophageal cancer, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), has a poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cells represent a potential ESCC treatment. In this study, we examined CD276 expression in healthy and esophageal tumor tissues and explored the tumoricidal potential of CD276-targeting CAR-T cells in ESCC. CD276 was strongly and homogenously expressed in ESCC and EAC tumor lesions but mildly in
more » ... ut mildly in healthy tissues, representing a good target for CAR-T cell therapy. We generated CD276-directed CAR-T cells with a humanized antigen-recognizing domain and CD28 or 4-1BB co-stimulation. CD276-specific CAR-T cells efficiently killed ESCC tumor cells in an antigen-dependent manner both in vitro and in vivo. In patient-derived xenograft models, CAR-T cells induced tumor regression and extended mouse survival. In addition, CAR-T cells generated from patient T cells demonstrated potent cytotoxicity against autologous tumor cells. Our study indicates that CD276 is an attractive target for ESCC therapy, and CD276-targeting CAR-T cells are worth testing in ESCC clinical trials.
doi:10.1016/j.tranon.2021.101138 pmid:34052626 fatcat:uklnbuejnnbcfbwtjp5t66j3cy