要介護高齢者施設でのマット型睡眠計設置事例の紹介
Measurement of Nocturnal Sleep State by a Mattress-type Sleep Monitor in a Nursing Home

Kyoko Kasai, Hiromitsu Kobayashi, Kazuyo Kawashima
2015 Nihon Kango Gijutsu Gakkaishi  
Kazuyo Kawashima 近年開発されたマット型睡眠計スリープスキャンは,寝具の下から体動を検知し,睡 眠判定を行う機器である.インターネットを通じて測定結果を送信するので機器の操作 が不要であり,また無拘束,非侵襲な測定であるので,長期的な連続測定も可能である. これらの特性に着目し,われわれはA県内の特別養護老人ホームに 20 台の睡眠計を設置 した.本報告では,この装置の設置に伴う技術的なトラブルや施設・対象者への負担な どの問題,およびその対応策を紹介した.延べ 481 夜の睡眠のうち記録できなかったの は 61 例であり,87%以上で睡眠データが得られた.記録エラーのおもな原因は,電源 コードの脱落とデータ送信の際の通信エラーであった.これまでに機器の設置や測定に 対する負担などの問題は生じておらず,この機器によって施設入居高齢者の睡眠状態を 長期的に計測できることが確認された. キーワード:マット型睡眠計,要介護高齢者,睡眠評価 Sleep scan, a mattress-type sleep monitor developed a few years ago,
more » ... ed a few years ago, is a device that is placed under bedclothes to detect body movements of the user to measure the user s sleep state. As the measured data is to be transmitted via the Internet, the user does not need to operate the device. Data is measured non-invasively without restraining the user in a certain position, which allows long-term continuous measurements of data. We focused on these specific properties of this device and installed 20 sleep monitors in a special nursing home in A prefecture. In this report, we discuss technical problems associated with the installation of this device and the resulting burden imposed on the facility and target users and introduced measures to deal with these issues. The device failed to record data in 61 cases of a total of 481 cases;it was possible to collect data on the user s sleep state in over 87% of all cases. The most common causes of record error were as follows:disconnection of the power cable and communication error in data transmission. No issues such as burden with regard to the installation of the device and/or the measurement have arisen thus far. Therefore, it was confirmed that it is possible to measure the sleep state of elderly people living in nursing homes with this device on a long-term basis. Key words:mattress-type sleep monitor,elderly people requiring long-term care, measurement of nocturnal sleep state 65 (195) 受付日:2015 年 ઃ 月 21 日 受理日:2015 年 અ 月 27 日 ઃ)福井県立大学看護福祉学部
doi:10.18892/jsnas.14.2_195 fatcat:cx45vp46zngaxgdnd7ecgo6cta