Experimental study of head loss and filtration for LOCA debris [report]

D.V. Rao, F.J. Souto
1996 unpublished
Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. fmnees are produced from the best available original document. Abstract A series of controlled experiments were conducted to obtain head loss and filtration characteristics of debris beds formed of NUKONTM fibrous fragments, and obtain data to validate the semi-theoretical head loss model developed in NUREG/CR-6224. A thermally insulated closed-loop test set-up was used to conduct experiments using beds formed of fibers
more » ... y and fibers intermixed with particulate debris. A total of three particulate mixes were used to simulate the particulate debris. The head loss data were obtained for theoretical fiber bed thicknesses of 0.125" to 4.0"; approach velocities of 0.15 to 1.5 ft/s; temperatures of 75'F and 125°F; and sludge-to-fiber nominal concentration ratios of 0 to 60. Concentration measurements obtained during the first flushing cycle were used to estimate the filtration efficiencies of the debris beds. For test conditions where the beds are fairly uniform, the head loss data were predictable within a n acceptable accuracy range by the semi-theoretical model. The model was equally applicable for both pure fiber beds and the mixed beds. Typically the model over-predicted the head losses for very thin beds and for thin beds at high sludge-to-fiber mass ratios. This is attributable to the non-uniformity of such debris beds. In this range the correlation can be interpreted to provide upper bound estimates of head loss.
doi:10.2172/206604 fatcat:jzkuk7dyxrcarit3y5pyrrwl6q