Do the human gut metagenomic species possess the minimal set of core functionalities necessary for life? [post]

Matteo Soverini, Simone Rampelli, Silvia Turroni, Patrizia Brigidi, Elena Biagi, Marco Candela
2020 unpublished
Background: Advances in bioinformatics recently allowed for the recovery of 'metagenomes assembled genomes' from human microbiome studies carried on with shotgun sequencing techniques. Such approach is used as a mean to discover new unclassified metagenomic species, putative biological entities having distinct metabolic traits. Results: In the present analysis we compare 400 genomes from isolates available on NCBI database and 10,000 human gut metagenomic species, screening all of them for the
more » ... resence of a minimal set of core functionalities necessary, but not sufficient, for life. As a result, the metagenome-assembled genomes resulted systematically depleted in genes encoding for essential functions apparently needed to support autonomous bacterial life. Conclusions : The relevant degree of lacking core functionalities that we observed in metagenome-assembled genomes raises some concerns about the effective completeness of metagenome-assembled genomes, suggesting caution in extrapolating information about their metabolic propensity and ecological role in a complex environment like the human gastrointestinal tract.
doi:10.21203/rs.2.15864/v2 fatcat:bndzrwbq55fxxbvndo554zelay