Metastases to extraocular muscles from breast cancer: case report and up-to-date review of the literature

Marialuisa Framarino-dei-Malatesta, Annalisa Chiarito, Federico Bianciardi, Marco Fiorelli, Azzurra Ligato, Giuseppe Naso, Irene Pecorella
2019 BMC Cancer  
Unilateral or bilateral metastases to extraocular muscles are very rare in breast cancer. Case presentation: We describe a case of inferior rectus extraocular muscle involved by ductal luminal B/Her-2 neu negative breast cancer, observed in a cohort of 580 patients. Our patient had received chemotherapy and hormonal therapy (tamoxifen for 3 years and letrozole in the following 3 years) for her primary cancer and developed an orbital metastasis while she was under aromatase inhibitor-based
more » ... y. Diagnosis was confirmed by MRI and biopsy. Orbital radiotherapy, combined with fulvestrant, resulted in shrinking of the secondary mass. A third line hormonal therapy using palbociclib was then started. Twelve-months later, MRI showed no residual tumor mass. Currently, the patient is alive and in good general conditions after 20 months. Conclusions: Literature review yielded 57 patients with extraocular muscle metastases from breast cancer, mostly due to the invasive lobular subtype of carcinoma. In addition to the present case, only 4 other extraocular muscles metastases from invasive ductal carcinoma has been reported, pointing out to the rarity of ductal type spread to the orbit in the natural history of breast cancer. Surgery may be used as a single treatment, despite no improvement of symptoms. Radiotherapy alone or combined with chemotherapy, or with chemotherapy plus hormonal therapy are available options. Results are, however, missing or poor. The present case is the first one with complete and stable response after 20 months to radiotherapy, antiestrogen drug fulvestrant and selective inhibitor of CDK4 /CDK6 palbociclib. In this subset of patients, with unusual metastatic sites and frequent multi-organ metastatic impairment, a multidisciplinary approach is indicated in order to achieve the best therapeutic management and long-term surveillance.
doi:10.1186/s12885-018-5253-1 fatcat:2hixysbx6fglhcbi2t4rrrwzu4