A Middle Eastern Social Contract: Nature, Possibility and Manner of Existence

Sajjad Sattari
2016 Dulat/pizhūhī  
Purpose: With a new approach different from the common theories of the social contract, the writer has tried to propose the necessity and possibility of establishing a Middle Eastern tradition of social contract, especially in hydrocarbonic societies in the Middle East, and describe its nature, possibility and existence. Methodology: The article has used the Explanative approach Findings: This study has six main findings: first, social contract in the West was the result of the historical need
more » ... f individual /society/ bourgeoisie to the absolute state (from the sixteenth century to the eighteenth); but social contract in the Middle East, will be the result of the Middle East's both quasi-absolute and absolute states' need to individual / society / bourgeoisie in the Twenty-First Century. Second, in parallel with » developments in commodity«, »movement of Consciousness in the Middle East«, and consequently, » structural transformation of the public sphere in the horizon of these societies«, dominant power elites in the Middle East lose the possibility of complete independence from "individual, society and knowledge/ capital /bourgeoisie technology" everyday and more and more. Thus, the historical equation of "strong states/weak societies" is changed gradually especially in the hydrocarbon societies of the Middle East and "empowering societies/ declining states" are formed along with. Third, With the historical continuity of this process, at a moment of horizon of Middle East hydrocarbonic societies, a balance of power between state and society is formed and thus, "moment of power compulsion", "Middle Eastern state of exception" and "exceeding tendency to the birth of subjectivity" have happened in the Middle East. Only at this moment and situation, not out of which, it is possible to move towards gradual establishment of a Middle Eastern type of social contract in these societies. Forth, All societies of the Middle East do not reach the moment of society and state power equality at the same time and alike [...]
doi:10.22054/tssq.2016.4151 doaj:ba92319a90bc41108416e03d8f0eb634 fatcat:aqcdzo65zzcqnip5uis3scezgu