Concomitant Dehiscences of the Temporal Bone: A Case-Based Study
Ear, nose, & throat journal
Otic capsule dehiscences create a pathological third window in the inner ear that results in a dissipation of the acoustic energy consequent to the lowered impedance. Superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) was identified by Minor et al in 1998 as a syndrome leading to vertigo and inner ear conductive hearing loss. The authors also reported the relation between the dehiscence and pressure- or sound-induced vertigo (Tullio's phenomenon). Prevalence rates of SSCD in anatomical studies range
... from 0.4% to 0.7% with a majority of patients being asymptomatic. The observed association with other temporal bone dehiscences, as well as the propensity toward a bilateral or contralateral "near dehiscence," raises the question of whether a specific local bone demineralization or systemic mechanisms could be considered. The present report regard a case of a patient with a previous episode of meningitis, with a concomitant bilateral SSCD and tegmen tympani dehiscence from the side of meningitis. The patient was affected by dizziness, left moderate conductive hearing loss, and pressure/sound-induced vertigo. Because of disabling vestibular symptoms, the patient underwent surgical treatment. A middle cranial fossa approach allowed to reach both dehiscences on the symptomatic side, where bone wax and fascia were used for repair. At 6 months from the procedure, hearing was preserved, and the vestibular symptoms disappeared.