PROBABILITY ESTIMATION ON THE RISK OF MORTALITY OF PATIENTS WITH END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE

Jackie D. Urrutia, Jaya C. De Guzman, Aaron Vito M. Baygan, Edcon B. Baccay, Lincoln A. Bautista
2016 International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences  
<p class="lead">The kidneys perform life-maintaining functions like monitoring and regulating body fluids. These excrete excess fluids from the body and retain the substances necessary for the body's continuing function. If the kidneys malfunction, it may cause some kidney complications that could lead to End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) or worst, it may lead to death. End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) or 5<sup>th</sup> stage chronic kidney failure is a growing health condition problem that
more » ... oblem that continues to rise in the Philippines. Kidney Diseases especially End Stage Renal Diseases is the 7<sup>th</sup> leading cause of death in the country. Using Logistic Regression analysis, this study analyzed the record data such as the age, gender and the complications of 247 patients with Pulmonary Congestion and/or Cardiovascular disease diagnosed with ESRD at M. V. Makabali Memorial Hospital from the year 2008-2013. The present study was undertaken to identify the risk factors which causes to increase the death probability of an ESRD patient. The research concluded that pulmonary congestion and cardiovascular disease are significant factors that increase the patients' probability to encounter death. Moreover, an ESRD patient with cardiovascular disease has a higher chance to encounter death with a probability of 68.52% than an ESRD patient with pulmonary congestions with a probability of 57.79%. The results also revealed that if a patient suffered from both complications, he/she has a higher risk of mortality with a probability of 98.6%. ESRD may not be curable but with the proper management of health condition and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, it can be prevented and possibly could lessen the risk of death.</p>
doi:10.22159/ijpps.2016v8s2.15208 fatcat:wjp36hbmrfcwxcbaxvkjnayhya