Generalization of quantum-state comparison

M. Kleinmann, H. Kampermann, D. Bruß
2005 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
We investigate the unambiguous comparison of quantum states in a scenario that is more general than the one that was originally suggested by Barnett et al. First, we find the optimal solution for the comparison of two states taken from a set of two pure states with arbitrary a priori probabilities. We show that the optimal coherent measurement is always superior to the optimal incoherent measurement. Second, we develop a strategy for the comparison of two states from a set of N pure states, and
more » ... find an optimal solution for some parameter range when N=3. In both cases we use the reduction method for the corresponding problem of mixed state discrimination, as introduced by Raynal et al., which reduces the problem to the discrimination of two pure states only for N=2. Finally, we provide a necessary and sufficient condition for unambiguous comparison of mixed states to be possible.
doi:10.1103/physreva.72.032308 fatcat:c2eez7wcqzfclbonsndp44o5xm