Embedding Graphs in Books: A Layout Problem with Applications to VLSI Design

Fan R. K. Chung, Frank Thomson Leighton, Arnold L. Rosenberg
1987 SIAM Journal on Algebraic and Discrete Methods  
We study the graph-theoretic problem of embedding a graph in a book with its vertices in a line along the spine of the book and its edges on the pages in such a way that edges residing on the same page do not cross. This problem abstracts layout problems arising in the routing of multilayer printed circuit boards and in the design of fault-tolerant processor arrays. In devising an embedding, one strives to minimize both the number of pages used and the "cutwidth" of the edges on each page. Our
more » ... on each page. Our main results (1) present optimal embeddings of a variety of families of graphs; (2) exhibit situations where one can achieve small pagenumber only at the expense of large cutwidth; and (3) establish bounds on the minimum pagenumber of a graph based on various structural properties of the graph. Notable in the last category are proofs that (a) every n-vertex d-valent graph can be embedded using O(dn 1/2) pages, and (b) for every d > 2 and all large n, there are n-vertex d-valent graphs whose pagenumber is at least log n ]"
doi:10.1137/0608002 fatcat:mmxg4wbvk5fghhxjhagfa27c5m