Hypertension in Young Adults: Think Juxtaglomerular Cell Tumor!

P Quach, A Hamza
2022 American Journal of Clinical Pathology  
Introduction/Objective Juxtaglomerular cell tumor is a benign, renin-secreting neoplasm. The tumor arises from the juxtaglomerular apparatus cells of the kidney. Because the tumor is hormonally active, patients usually suffer from hypokalemia, hyperaldosteronism, and hypertension. The typical patient population is adolescents and young adults with slight female predominance. Herein, we describe a case of a 19-year-old Asian female with a somewhat atypical presentation. Methods/Case Report A
more » ... ear-old Asian female presented with upper extremity weakness, numbness, and tingling. On physical examination, the only notable finding was hypertension. Extensive work up reveled an aldosterone level of 71 nanograms per deciliter and plasma renin activity of 6.25 nanograms per milliliter per hour. A CT scan of the abdomen revealed a 2.4cm mass in the lower pole of the left kidney. The mass was resected by partial nephrectomy. Sectioning of the specimen revealed a 2.4cm well-circumscribed, encapsulated tumor. On microscopic evaluation, the tumor had glomoid appearance with sheets of uniform, round to polygonal cells with clear to eosinophilic cytoplasm. The stroma was scanty, mitoses were rare, and necrosis was not identified. Immunohistochemical stains showed the tumor cells to be positive for CD117, CD34, Cathepsin K, Synaptophysin, and CD10 and negative for ER, PR, CK7, PAX-8, pancytokeratin, EMA, S100, Melan-A, HMB45, SMA and CAIX. Diagnosis of Juxtaglomerular cell tumor was rendered. The patient was alive and well and without signs of recurrence 14 months after surgery. Results (if a Case Study enter NA) NA. Conclusion This case highlights the importance of a regular physical exam and having a high index of suspicion in patients presenting with unusual complaints.
doi:10.1093/ajcp/aqac126.154 fatcat:ewiv4kcuwnhbfavaxq6q2n7yei