WOMEN'S ROLE IN PEACEBUILDING: IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES IN UKRAINE
Vìsnik Harkìvsʹkogo nacìonalʹnogo unìversitetu ìmenì V.N. Karazìna. Serìâ Pitannâ polìtologìï
The article covers the participation of women in peacebuilding processes in a general theoretical context. The author focuses on the positive role of women in the peace process based on the results of UN studies, scientific papers, and statistics. The National Action Plan for the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 «Women, Peace, Security» for the period up to 2020 recognized as a fundamental document establishing the need for updating women's representation in building peace
... in building peace in Ukraine. The author outlines several basic models for the inclusion of women in peacebuilding processes. The research identifies the shortcomings of women's representation in peacebuilding issues and indicates priority areas for further development. Based on the analysis of the National Action Plan for the implementation of Resolution 1325, the author determines a list of the main problems and gaps. Particular attention is paid to the need to overcome discriminatory exclusion practices for women due to the negative consequences of such decisions. To achieve this goal, the author proposed to change the focus of the research on women's participation in peacebuilding processes and expand the list of issues in which women are involved. The contextual analysis of the documents has led to the anticipated conclusion that women are mainly involved in social issues and at the level of advisory councils. The intensive participation of public organizations in peacebuilding has a positive impact in the long run. In the results of the study, the author formulates several key conclusions regarding the realization of the National Action Plan for the implementation of the Resolution 1325, identifies problems and weaknesses. To increase the effectiveness of the next plan (up to 2025), the author suggests applying two general scientific approaches. The article identifies the need for continuing research on regional action plans to include women in peacebuilding to create an effective adaptive system of sustainable peace in Ukraine.