The Role of 3D Printing in Planning Complex Medical Procedures and Training of Medical Professionals—Cross-Sectional Multispecialty Review

Jarosław Meyer-Szary, Marlon Souza Luis, Szymon Mikulski, Agastya Patel, Finn Schulz, Dmitry Tretiakow, Justyna Fercho, Kinga Jaguszewska, Mikołaj Frankiewicz, Ewa Pawłowska, Radosław Targoński, Łukasz Szarpak (+3 others)
2022 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Medicine is a rapidly-evolving discipline, with progress picking up pace with each passing decade. This constant evolution results in the introduction of new tools and methods, which in turn occasionally leads to paradigm shifts across the affected medical fields. The following review attempts to showcase how 3D printing has begun to reshape and improve processes across various medical specialties and where it has the potential to make a significant impact. The current state-of-the-art, as well
more » ... as real-life clinical applications of 3D printing, are reflected in the perspectives of specialists practicing in the selected disciplines, with a focus on pre-procedural planning, simulation (rehearsal) of non-routine procedures, and on medical education and training. A review of the latest multidisciplinary literature on the subject offers a general summary of the advances enabled by 3D printing. Numerous advantages and applications were found, such as gaining better insight into patient-specific anatomy, better pre-operative planning, mock simulated surgeries, simulation-based training and education, development of surgical guides and other tools, patient-specific implants, bioprinted organs or structures, and counseling of patients. It was evident that pre-procedural planning and rehearsing of unusual or difficult procedures and training of medical professionals in these procedures are extremely useful and transformative.
doi:10.3390/ijerph19063331 pmid:35329016 pmcid:PMC8953417 fatcat:g53gu7to7vad3bu5sodfpqxuei