Integration of InSAR Time-Series Data and GIS to Assess Land Subsidence along Subway Lines in the Seoul Metropolitan Area, South Korea

Muhammad Fulki Fadhillah, Arief Rizqiyanto Achmad, Chang-Wook Lee
2020 Remote Sensing  
The aims of this research were to map and analyze the risk of land subsidence in the Seoul Metropolitan Area, South Korea using satellite interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) time-series data, and three ensemble machine-learning models, Bagging, LogitBoost, and Multiclass Classifier. Of the types of infrastructure present in the Seoul Metropolitan Area, subway lines may be vulnerable to land subsidence. In this study, we analyzed Persistent Scatterer InSAR time-series data using the
more » ... Stanford Method for Persistent Scatterers (StaMPS) algorithm to generate a deformation time-series map. Subsidence occurred at four locations, with a deformation rate that ranged from 6–12 mm/year. Subsidence inventory maps were prepared using deformation time-series data from Sentinel-1. Additionally, 10 potential subsidence-related factors were selected and subjected to Geographic Information System analysis. The relationship between each factor and subsidence occurrence was analyzed by using the frequency ratio. Land subsidence susceptibility maps were generated using Bagging, Multiclass Classifier, and LogitBoost models, and map validation was carried out using the area under the curve (AUC) method. Of the three models, Bagging produced the largest AUC (0.883), with LogitBoost and Multiclass Classifier producing AUCs of 0.871 and 0.856, respectively.
doi:10.3390/rs12213505 fatcat:amaubufetza4jlg4l3fk2iqsdm