Establishment of a 5-gene risk model related to regulatory T cells for predicting gastric cancer prognosis

Gang Hu, Ningjie Sun, Jiansong Jiang, Xiansheng Chen
2020 Cancer Cell International  
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the high-risk cancers that lacks effective methods for prognosis prediction. Therefore, we searched for immune cells related to the prognosis of GC and studied the role of related genes in GC prognosis. In this study, we collected the mRNA data of GC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and studied the immune cells that were closely related to the prognosis of GC. Spearman correlation analysis was performed to show the association between immune
more » ... genes and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of GC. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were conducted on the immune cell-related genes with a high correlation with GC. A prognostic risk score model was constructed and the most significant feature genes were identified. Kaplan-Meier method was then used to compare the overall survival (OS) of patients with high-risk and low-risk, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to assess the accuracy of the risk model. In addition, GC patients were grouped according to the median expression of the features genes, and survival analysis was further carried out. It was noted that regulatory T cells (Tregs) were significantly correlated with the prognosis of GC, and 172 genes related to Tregs were found to be closely associated with GC. An optimal prognostic risk model was constructed, and a 5-gene (including LRFN4, ADAMTS12, MCEMP1, HP and MUC15) signature-based risk score was established. Survival analysis showed significant difference in OS between low-risk and high-risk samples. ROC analysis results indicated that the risk model had a high accuracy for the prognosis prediction of samples (AUC = 0.717). The results of survival analysis on each feature gene based on expression levels were consistent with the results of multivariate Cox analysis for predicting the risk rate of the 5 genes. These results proved that the 5-gene signature-based risk score could be used to predict the survival of GC patients, and these 5 genes were closely related to Tregs. These findings are of great significance for studying the role of immune cells and related immune factors in regulating the prognosis of GC.
doi:10.1186/s12935-020-01502-6 pmid:32908454 pmcid:PMC7470613 fatcat:2h7ht72cvjay3egbbphpy3xm2a