SENGKETA PERBATASAN INDONESIA-MALAYSIA: SEBUAH PERTARUHAN KEDAULATAN NKRI

Krisna Dewi, Hardjanti
2016 JURNAL KAJIAN HUKUM   unpublished
This study aimed to analyze the measures of the Government in strengthening the sovereignty of the nation of Indonesia in the border region, which includes the strengthening in the areas of national defense, science and technology, as well as strengthening in the field of foreign policy. Indonesia's national sovereignty is repeatedly staked in the face of the world when it happens to border dispute with some neighboring countries, namely Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines. The problem of
more » ... es. The problem of the borders of state sovereignty is related to a claim made by Malaysia against some of the areas that became the border area between the Republic of Indonesia and Malaysia. There are at least three cases of border disputes that make the relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia heats up, namely the Ambalat, Sipadan-Ligitan, and Tanjung Datu case. Tanjung Datu case is recently happening. The dispute of Indonesia and Malaysia on the border line in the waters of Sulawesi, the change of the ownership status of Sipadan and Ligitan island, the border line on the island of Borneo (Ambalat), and the latter case that has not been resolved is the construction of the stake by Malaysia in Tanjung Datu (West Kalimantan). It is a trigger factor that causes the rift of diplomatic relations of the two countries. Based on the issues described earlier, it is necessary to the appropriate strategy regarding to strengthening the sovereignty of the border region that is the duty of the Government in an effort to protect the nation and maintain the territorial integrity of NKRI. Some recommendations of the dispute resolution on the sovereignty of border areas studied in this paper, including: (1) Establishing the strengthening of defense and security aspects by providing strong security of outer islands, (2) Establishing the strengthening of science and technology aspects by conducting the training on the management and conservation of natural resources and building infrastructure and transport, (3) Establishing the strengthening of foreign politics aspects by increasing the foreign cooperations with neighboring countries, especially with Malaysia.
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