High-density Mapping for Gray Leaf Spot Resistance using Two Related Tropical Maize RIL Populations
The identification of QTL/genes to resist gray leaf spot (GLS) caused by Cercospora zeae-maydis or Cercospora Zeina plays an urgent role in improving GLS resistance in maize breeding practice. In our study, two groups of recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations derived from CML373×Ye107 (176 RILs) and Chang7-2×Ye107 (190 RILs) were generated and subjected to genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS). GBS technology was used for large-scale single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) discovery and simultaneous
... and simultaneous genotyping of all F7 lines from two related RIL populations in order to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with GLS resistance under natural conditions of disease occurrence. A total of 1929222287 reads in CML373×Ye107 (RIL-YCML) and 2585728312 reads in Chang7-2×Ye107 (RIL-YChang), with an average of 10961490 (RIL-YCML) and 13609096 (RIL-YChang) reads per individual, were got, which was roughly equal to 0.70-fold and 0.87-fold coverage of the maize B73 RefGen_V4 genome for each F7 individual, respectively. 6418 and 5139 SNP markers were extracted to construct two high-density genetic maps. Comparative analysis using these physically mapped marker loci demonstrated a satisfactory colinear relationship with the reference genome. Eleven GLS-resistant QTL have been detected. The individual QTL accounted for 2.05-24.00% of the phenotypic variance explained (PVE). The new consensus QTL (qYCM-DS3-3/ qYCM-LT3-1/ qYCM-LT3-2) with the largest effect was located in chromosome bin 3.05, with an interval of 2.7 Mb, representing 13.08 to 24.00% of the PVE. Further gene annotation indicated that there were four candidate genes (GRMZM2G032384, GRMZM2G041415, GRMZM2G041544, and GRMZM2G035992) for qYCM-LT3-1, which may be related to GLS resistance.