Incidence & Risk factors for Low birth weight, Very Low birth weight & Extremely Low birth weight babies in Western Rajasthan

Sunil Kothari, Rakesh Jora, Harish Chouhan, Senior Professor, Senior Resident
International Journal of Medical Pediatrics and Oncology   unpublished
To find out the incidence of Low birth weight babies and assess the various risk factors responsible or contributing the production of Low birth weight, Very low birth weight, Extremely low birth weight babies Materials and Method: Babies with birth weight 2500 grams or below were included in the study. The detailed maternal history including complications during pregnancy and all parameters of included babies like gestational age of newborn (assessed by modified perkin's criterion) were noted
more » ... n predesigned proforma. Results: The incidence of Low birth weight (LBW), Very low birth weight (VLBW) and Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) babies was 30.725%, 2.72% and 0.89% respectively. Maximum number of mothers who delivers LBW, VLBW and ELBW babies were belonged the age group of 20-35 years. We found that mothers with 2 nd and 3 rd parity had better birth weight (37.4%) in LBW group, as compare to primipara (32.2%) and grand multipara (30.5%). Mothers with PIH had delivered the maximum numbers of LBW babies. Conclusion: There was increased risk of delivering LBW babies in teenage pregnancy, primipara, grand multipara, mothers with anemia, APH, PIH and Chronic UTI.