Witness Identification in Twitter

Rui Fang, Armineh Nourbakhsh, XIAOMO LIU, Sameena Shah, Quanzhi Li
2016 Proceedings of The Fourth International Workshop on Natural Language Processing for Social Media  
Identifying witness accounts is important for rumor debunking, crises management, and basically any task that involves on the ground eyes. The prevalence of social media has provided citizen journalism with scale and eye witnesses prominence. However, the amount of noise on social media also makes it likely that witness accounts get buried too deep in the noise and are never discovered. In this paper, we explore automatic witness identification in Twitter during emergency events. We attempt to
more » ... reate a generalizable system that not only detects witness reports for unseen events, but also on true out-of-sample "real time streaming set" that may or may not have witness accounts. We attempt to detect the presence or surge of witness accounts, which is the first step in developing a model for detecting crisis-related events. We collect and annotate witness tweets for different types of events (earthquake, car accident, fire, cyclone, etc.) explore the related features and build a classifier to identify witness tweets in real time. Our system is able to significantly outperform prior methods with an average F-score of 89.7% on previously unseen events.
doi:10.18653/v1/w16-6210 dblp:conf/acl-socialnlp/FangNLSL16 fatcat:5vr36g5xmjedfdd6ifv2j3wbfq