Cutting Forces, Chips Formation and Surface Roughness in Rock Cutting Using Negative Rake Angle

Yuni Hermawan, Rudy Soenoko, Yudy Surya Irawan, Sofyan Arief Setyabudi
This research pertains to rock cutting used negative rake angle. The parameters used are negative rake angles of 0 o , -5 o , -10 o , -15 o , -25 o , -30 o , and -40 o . Negative rake angle is known to play an important role in rock machining. Negative rake angle produces more chips powder in front of the tool surface. The interaction between these particles affects the radial force that suppresses the rock surface. A large radial force generates hydrostatic pressure around the tooltip.
more » ... g to the findings of this research, negative rake angle -25 o leads to the largest radial force and smallest surface roughness for 15.17 N and 1.21 µm, respectively with smooth and uniform chips. The rock surface and the resulting chips powder was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) in order to prove the effect of hydrostatic pressure working on the tooltip. Meanwhile the hydrostatic pressure changed the brittle cutting mode into a brittleductile cutting mode.
doi:10.21062/mft.2020.009 fatcat:6chhxrziobexjhwmxopc24pism