A Comparison of Physique and Physical Fitness between Different Level in Korea Elite Fencers

Jin-Wook Chung, Ki-Hyuk Lee
2017 Exercise Science  
한국스포츠개발원 서 론 펜싱경기는 고대서양의 검술에서 유래되었으며 공격의 유효면과 검 의 공격방법 등에 따라 플러레(Foil), 에빼(Epee), 사브르(Sabre) 3가지 종목으로 구분되며 종목에 따라 15점을 먼저 선취하거나 3분 3회전에 많은 득점을 따내는 자가 승리한다[1]. 펜싱경기는 1.8-2 m의 폭과 14 m 길이의 한정된 공간에서 이루어지며 공수전환이 매우 빠르게 일어나 고 순간적으로 상대방과의 거리를 좁혀서 공격을 가해야 하기 때문에 근력, 파워뿐 아니라 반응시간이 중요한 체력요인으로 꼽힌다[1,2]. 또 한 경기 시 짧은 시간 동안 득점하기 위하여 폭발적인 힘을 발휘해야 하므로 무산소성파워능력을 갖추고 있어야 한다[3,4]. 기술적인 측면에서는 펜싱경기에서 공격의 우위를 점하기 위해서는 기본적인 찌르기 동작인 팡트(Fente) 동작을 잘 수행해야 한다. 펜싱에 서의 득점은 1/25초의 시간차로 가려지기 때문에 팡트동작을 통한 공 격은 과감하고 빠른 판단력을
more » ... 격은 과감하고 빠른 판단력을 요한다[1]. 또한 앞쪽 다리를 앞으로 내 딛는 동시에 뒤쪽의 다리를 펴주면서 전진하기 때문에 안정적으로 중 PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference between fencers of national team and reserve team on physique and physical fitness. METHODS: Forty six elite fencers participated to this program. The participants were divided into four by gender and level (National Group; NG, Reserve Group; RG). The analysis factors were physique and physical fitness. Independent t-test with SPSS 23.0 was used to analyze the differences between groups. RESULTS: In male fencers, weight (p <.05), %fat (p <.01), BMI (p <.05), chest (p <.001), waist (p <.01), hip (p <.05), upper arm (p<.001), and forearm (p<.01) in physique, back (p<.001) and grip (p<.001) strength, change step jump (p<.001), front & back step (p<.01) in agility, reaction time (p<.001), front (p<.01) and back (p<.05) ankle ROM in flexibility, absolute peak power (p<.01) and relative average power (p<.05) in anaerobic power were significantly high in NG compared to RG. In female, upper leg (p<.05) in physique was significantly high in RG compare to NG whereas back (p<.05) and grip (p<.05) strength, sit up (p<.001) in muscle endurance, change step jump (p<.001), front & back step (p<.01) in agility, reaction time (p<.001), back ankle ROM (p<.05) in flexibility, relative peak power (p<.01) in anaerobic power were significantly high in NG compared to RG. CONCLUSIONS: NG fencers were bigger than RG in male whereas no differences in female and NT has higher physical fitness compare to RG. Thus, there seems to be a strong relationship among physique, physical fitness and performance according to the level and physical fitness training should be conducted to improve performance.
doi:10.15857/ksep.2017.26.1.40 fatcat:e5v46me3cnbqrolrguxwrnmejq