Dietary 7-Ketocholesterol Exacerbates Myocardial Ischemia–Reperfusion Injury in Mice through Monocyte/Macrophage-Mediated Inflammation [post]

Tomoki Uchikawa, Tetsuya Matoba, Takuro Kawahara, Isashi Baba, Shunsuke Katsuki, Jun-ichiro Koga, Yu Hashimoto, Ryo Yamasaki, Ikuyo Ichi, Hidetaka Akita, Hiroyuki Tsutsui
2022 unpublished
Background: Emerging evidence suggests that 7-ketocholesterol (7-KC), one of the most abundant dietary oxysterols, causes inflammation and cardiovascular diseases. Here we show the deteriorating effects of dietary 7-KC on myocardial ischemia–reperfusion (IR) injury and detailed the molecular mechanisms.Methods and Results: A high-fat high-cholesterol diet containing 7-KC (7KWD) for 3 weeks increased the plasma 7-KC level compared with high-fat high-cholesterol diet in mice. In wild-type mice
more » ... not in CCR2-/- mice, dietary 7-KC increased the myocardial infarct size after IR. Flow cytometry revealed that the ratio of Ly-6Chigh inflammatory monocytes to total monocytes was increased in the 7KWD group. Unbiased RNA sequencing using murine primary macrophages revealed that 7-KC regulated the expression of transcripts related to inflammation and cholesterol biosynthesis. We further validated that in vitro, 7-KC induced endoplasmic reticulum stress, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production, and nuclear factor-kappa B activation, which are associated with increased mRNA levels of proinflammatory cytokines. Administration of N-acetyl-L-cysteine or siRNA-mediated knockdown of PKR-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase or endoplasmic reticulum oxidase 1α suppressed the levels of 7-KC-induced inflammation.Conclusion: Dietary 7-KC exacerbates myocardial IR injury through monocyte/macrophage-mediated inflammation. Endoplasmic reticulum stress and oxidative stress are involved in the 7-KC-induced proinflammatory response in macrophages.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:7pkqh7vbhjfhxl6u5hzxwk2vai