Phytochemical constituents in leaves and callus of Ficus deltoidea Jack var. Kunstleri (King) Corner

Zakiah Mustapha, Hazlan Harun
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of phytochemical constituents was done on leaves and leaves callus of Ficus deltoidea Jack var. Kunstleri (King) Corner. Tannins, phlobatannins, saponins, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, alkaloids, anthraquinones and polyphenols were present in leaves and leaves callus cultured on MS media supplemented with 0.8 mg/L 2,4-D + 0.7 mg/L KIN. Meanwhile, cardiac glycosides only exist in leaves but not in the callus tissue. Quantitative analysis showed that
more » ... is showed that alkaloids, saponins, phenols, flavonoids and tannins exist in both samples but in the lower amount for callus tissue. The significance of the phytochemical constituents with the respect to the role of this plant in traditional medicine treatment and the future prospect for the callus in the production of secondary metabolites is discussed.