Different culture method changing CD105 expression in amniotic fluid MSCs without affecting differentiation ability or immune function
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
MSCs are kind of cultured cells that reside in different tissues as inducers or regulators of physiological and pathological processes. Here, we derived MSCs from amniotic fluid and compared their differentiation ability and immunosuppression effect on PHA-activated PBMC with those of MSCs isolated from umbilical cords. Amniotic fluid MSCs were isolated and cultured on commercial AFC medium and classic MSC medium, and the number and size of colonies were used to evaluate differences in primary
... erences in primary and passaged culture. Rate of proliferation, population doubling time, cell morphology, cell surface markers and mRNA expression were measured in subcultured cells. Furthermore, a comparative study was performed with umbilical cord MSCs to assess the ability of differentiation and immunosuppressive effect of PHA-stimulated PBMCs. Amniotic fluid MSCs were isolated and expanded by three methods, and exhibited nearly all the characteristics of umbilical cord MSCs. Compared with umbilical cord MSCs, amniotic fluid MSCs had an enhanced osteogenic and chrondrogenic differentiation capability, and stronger immunosuppression effect of inhibition of PHA-activated PBMC division. Culture with commercial AFCs medium yielded the highest percentage of CD105 expression and showed some advantages in primary cell isolation, cell source-specific marker retention and cell proliferation. We demonstrated that amniotic fluid MSCs exhibited some advantages over umbilical cord MSCs, and different culture media caused cell proliferation, cell surface marker and cell morphology change, but were not associated with varying differentiation capability and immune effects.