The Economic Riddle of the Victory

A.I. Kolganov
2020 Zenodo  
In this paper author studying the specific features of the economic system of the USSR, which made it possible to reach the victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. The main problem discussed is the economic conditions provided the advantages in the supply of Soviet Army during the war. In the clash between Nazi Germany and the USSR the sides had sufficiently different level of economic potential. The significant superiority in economic potential was on the side of Germany, and
more » ... rmany, and additionally Germany had a possibility to use the productive capacities of occupied European countries. Author analyzing the paradox situation: economically more powerful Germany could not exceed Soviet Union in the level of military production. Even in spite of loss of territories, provided almost half of industrial capacities, Soviet economy could produce more arms and armaments, than Germany. Author emphasizing the combination of factors, which made it possible for USSR economy to exceed the economy of Nazi Germany in the military production. The most significant of them have stemmed from the nature of the socio-economic system of the USSR. The planned economy provided the rapid structural adjustment of the economy to the needs of war and the highest level of mobilization of economic resources for the military production. Soviet economic system also made a condition for the amazing growth of creative potential of people employed in military sector resulted in the lot of technological and organizational innovations. These innovations provided the enormous growth in productivity. The support from allies (USA and Great Britain) was also significant. It covered some essential needs of USSR military economy, such as explosives and aluminum. But in the most dangerous period of 1941 and 1942, then the support from allies was on the minimal level, USSR economy could provide the effective supply of Soviet army.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3893432 fatcat:gxxex5jsobcd5ggzpixw2ixbuy