Neural basis of the non-attentional processing of briefly presented words

Dan-ling Peng, Duo Xu, Zhen Jin, Qian Luo, Guo-sheng Ding, Conrad Perry, Lei Zhang, Ying Liu
2003 Human Brain Mapping  
The neural basis of the automatic activation of words was investigated in an fMRI study. In the study, words were presented briefly (51 or 151 msec) followed by a mask. To prevent attentional processing, subjects attended to the masks and not the words, and were required to make perceptual judgment about the masks. We found that a distributed neural network (including the frontal, temporal, occipital, parietal lobes, and the cerebellum) was activated during non-attentional processing of words
more » ... both exposure durations. A significant main effect of presentation duration was found in bilateral cerebellum and the right fusiform gyrus, suggesting their role in the later (151 msec) processing of words. In addition, a significant interaction between presentation duration and word frequency was obtained. When the presentation duration was 151 msec, no significant difference in activation was found between high-and low-frequency words. Alternatively, when the presentation duration was 51 msec, high-frequency words evoked significantly greater activation in bilateral fusiform gyri, cerebellum, right inferior parietal lobe, medial frontal gyrus (BA 45/46/9), and the right temporal-occipital junction (BA 21/37). These results suggest that these regions are sensitive to word frequency, and are related to both the attentional and non-attentional access of lexical representations. Hum. Brain Mapping 18: 215-221, 2003.
doi:10.1002/hbm.10096 pmid:12599280 fatcat:j65tnruavzf4jape2523psfxye