Fungal sinusitis with ocular involvement: Case report
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine
Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) is an acute, often fatal, fungal infection caused by members of the class Zygomycetes and the order Mucorales. The genus Rhizopus accounts for most cases of ROCM. The disease is characterized by fungal hyphal invasion of blood vessels resulting in thrombosis and infarction of the nasal, paranasal sinus, orbital, and cerebral tissues. The most commonly associated condition is diabetes mellitus; other associated conditions include immunocompromised
... nocompromised states, renal disease, deferoxamine use and acidotic states. The most frequent sites of infection are pulmonary, rhinocerebral, cutaneous and disseminated. Rhino-orbital and Rhino-cerebral are two forms of the disease. As such the condition is a medical emergency. Early recognition and treatment are essential because it may lead to death in a few days. CROP usually begins in the palate or paranasal sinuses and rapidly spreads to the orbital contents. Proptosis, loss of vision and ophthalmoplegia occur and death from cerebral involvement commonly ensues. The fungus tends to invade arteries and cause thrombosis and tissue infarction. Rhizopus is the most commonly isolated genus in CROP, accounting for almost all cases. The diagnosis can be strongly suspected by the characteristic clinical manifestations. Therapy includes the treatment of the underlying disease, surgical excision of the necrotic tissue containing fungal elements and the systemic administration of amphotericin-B. Here we report the clinical features of a 32-years-old man presented mucormycosis.