A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2017; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is
Physics of Fluids
In this investigation we revisit the concept of "effective free surfaces" arising in the solution of the time-averaged fluid dynamics equations in the presence of free boundaries. This work is motivated by applications of the optimization and optimal control theory to problems involving free surfaces, where the time-dependent formulations lead to many technical difficulties which are however alleviated when steady governing equations are used instead. By introducing a number of precisely stateddoi:10.1063/1.4745006 fatcat:s6ceouckhzh7ravjvvpi2d5qki