Transcriptional regulation of voltage-gated sodium channels contributes to GM-CSF induced pain [article]

Fan Zhang, YiYing Wang, Dandan Zhang, Xizhenzi Fan, Hao Han, Xiaona Du, Nikita Gamper, Hailin Zhang
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
Granolocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) induces production of granulocyte and macrophage populations from the hematopoietic progenitor cells; it is one of the most common growth factors in the blood. GM-CSF is also involved in bone cancer pain development by regulating tumor-nerve interactions, remodeling of peripheral nerves and sensitization of damage-sensing (nociceptive) nerves. However, the precise mechanism for GM-CSF-dependent pain is unclear. In this study, we found
more » ... t GM-CSF is highly expressed in human malignant osteosarcoma. Rats implanted with bone cancer cells develop mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia but antagonizing GM-CSF in these animals significantly reduced such hypersensitivity. Nociceptor-specific voltage gated Na+ channels Nav1.7, Nav1.8 and Nav1.9 were found to be selectively up-regulated in rat DRG neurons treated with GM-CSF, which resulted in enhanced excitability. GM-CSF activated the Jak2 and Stat3 signaling pathway which promoted the transcription of Nav1.7-1.9 in DRG neurons. Accordingly targeted knocking down either Nav1.7-1.9 or Jak2/Stat3 in DRG neurons alleviated the hyperalgesia in rats. Our findings describe a new bone cancer pain mechanism and provide a new insight into the physiological and pathological functions of GM-CSF.
doi:10.1101/386698 fatcat:hzlwe6rphffhhmzyuqs62ckyeq