Characterization of amino acid content of grain of new wheat varieties and lines

H. Hospodarenko, V. Karpenko, V. Liubych, V. Novikov
2018 Agricultural science and practice  
Aim. To determine the formation of bound amino acids in grain of new wheat varieties and its biological value. Methods. Field, physical-chemical, computational, analysis. Results. The differences in amino acid composition of new varieties and lines of wheat were analyzed. It was established that the highest content of essential amino acids was in the grain of the Kulundynka variety (5.18 %) or 2.5 times higher compared to the standard (2.99 %). Their content in the grain of soft wheat, obtained
more » ... by the hybridization of Triticum aestivum L./Triticum spelta L., was 1.4-1.5 times higher compared to the control. The grain of the soft variety Kulundynka had the highest biological value as the score of essential amino acids was not de¿ cient and the remaining varieties were de¿ cient in 2-5 amino acids. Only methionine was de¿ cient in the grain of soft wheat lines (AAS = 64-74 %). Conclusions. The content of amino acids in soft wheat grain depends considerably on weather conditions, selective-genetic origin of the variety and the line. Glutamic acid, proline, and leucine were found to be most abundant. Out of nine samples of soft wheat tested, only the seed of the Kulundynka variety had a non-de¿ cient amino acid score (91-298 %), and in the Pannonikus variety methionine was limited (49 %). The best balanced content of amino acids is present in the grain of non-spelt lines, obtained by hybridization of Triticum aestivum L. and Triticum spelta L., namely Ɋ 7 and LPP 1314. The grain of these lines has a non-de¿ cient amino acid score, more methionine (AAS = 64-74 %), and supplies human daily requirement in the best way. The grain has a high index of complex estimation and metabolization coef¿ cient for essential amino acids.
doi:10.15407/agrisp5.03.012 fatcat:tj3gppxsung3thjhtjnoauxkja