Efficiency of the Korean Bottom Survey Trawl for Snow Crab Chionoecetes opilio

Jung Hwa Choi, David A. Somerton
2012 Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences  
The Korean bottom trawl survey was conducted using a trawl designed by the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute (NFRDI). The capture efficiency and size selectivity of this trawl for snow crab Chionoecetes opilio was investigated by experimental tows. An auxiliary sampling net (underbag) was attached beneath the trawl net to capture crabs escaping under the trawl footrope. Experimental tows were made by the same vessel speed (3.4 knots) as in the bottom trawl survey, but toing
more » ... survey, but toing time was shortened from the standard 30 min to 10 min to reduce possible trawl distortion due to the high catch rate of mud and debris in the underbag. In averaged over 17 tows conducted between 110-383 m depth, trawl efficiency of both males and females combined increased from about 10% at 20 mm (carapace width) to about 70% at 100 mm, with a width of 50% capture equal to 78 mm.
doi:10.5657/fas.2012.0337 fatcat:n3nasiqqtvedjlzmlsouup24nq