Carotid plaque thickness and carotid plaque burden predict future cardiovascular events in asymptomatic adult Americans

Henrik Sillesen, Samantha Sartori, Benjamin Sandholt, Usman Baber, Roxana Mehran, Valentin Fuster
2017 European Heart Journal-Cardiovascular Imaging  
Methods and results A total of 6102 asymptomatic persons underwent assessment of conventional risk factors and imaging by carotid ultrasound. Carotid plaque burden (cPB) and maximum carotid plaque thickness (cPTmax) were measured from 'cross-sectional sweep' video acquisition of the carotid artery. IMT was measured from distal common carotid artery images. All participants were followed up for 3 years, and major cardiovascular events (MACE) were collected and adjudicated. All data were
more » ... for 5808 participants, in whom 216 first MACE events were observed. Increasing both cPB and cPTmax were associated with increasing the risk of future MACE when compared with participants without carotid atherosclerosis. Fully adjusted for risk factors, hazard ratios for cPTmax were 1.96 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.91-4.25, P = 0.015] for primary MACE and 3.13 (95% CI 1.80-5.51, P < 0.001) for secondary MACE, similar to that of cPB. IMT did not improve risk prediction significantly. Noncategorical net reclassification index (NRI) for cPTmax was 0.178 (95% CI 0.027-0.299, P = 0.032) for primary MACE and 0.173 (95% CI 0.109-0.243, P < 0.001) for secondary MACE, which is almost similar to cPB. IMT assessment did not result in significant NRI.
doi:10.1093/ehjci/jex239 pmid:29059296 fatcat:d2i2r35olnap7i5mhzwktdfize