Hierarchical Brain Networks Active in Approach and Avoidance Goal Pursuit

Jeffrey M. Spielberg, Wendy Heller, Gregory A. Miller
2013 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Effective approach/avoidance goal pursuit is critical for attaining long-term health and wellbeing. Research on the neural correlates of key goal-pursuit processes (e.g., motivation) has long been of interest, with lateralization in prefrontal cortex being a particularly fruitful target of investigation. However, this literature has often been limited by a lack of spatial specificity and has not delineated the precise aspects of approach/avoidance motivation involved. Additionally, the
more » ... hips among brain regions (i.e., network connectivity) vital to goal-pursuit remain largely unexplored. Specificity in location, process, and network relationship is vital for moving beyond gross characterizations of function and identifying the precise cortical mechanisms involved in motivation. The present paper integrates research using more spatially specific methodologies (e.g., functional magnetic resonance imaging) with the rich psychological literature on approach/avoidance to propose an integrative network model that takes advantage of the strengths of each of these literatures.
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00284 pmid:23785328 pmcid:PMC3684100 fatcat:flk6uu4gnnbwjlbv2m7mwnwm2i