Interactive Multimodal Learning Environments

Roxana Moreno, Richard Mayer
2007 Educational Psychology Review  
What are interactive multimodal learning environments and how should they be designed to promote students' learning? In this paper, we offer a cognitive-affective theory of learning with media from which instructional design principles are derived. Then, we review a set of experimental studies in which we found empirical support for five design principles: guided activity, reflection, feedback, control, and pretraining. Finally, we offer directions for future instructional technology research.
doi:10.1007/s10648-007-9047-2 fatcat:nadbeukt5nartiqqggbcgmnvce