Temporal Changes in Available Phosphorus in Some Calcareous Soils

A Samadi
2006 J. Agric. Sci. Technol   unpublished
Application of phosphorus (P) fertilizers as solid or liquid fertilizers to soils leads to reactions of orthophosphate ions with various soil components which remove P from the solution phase and convert it to less soluble phosphates. This study was aimed at determining soil properties that affect the rate of phosphate retention in 28 contrasting calcareous soils from different geographical regions (14 soils from Western Azarbaijan in Iran (WAI) and 14 soils from Western Australia in Australia
more » ... ralia in Australia (WAA). The results showed that the mean apparent recoveries of applied available P (Olsen P-based recovery) after 160 d of incubation at field capacity was found to be 7% for the soils of WAI and 25% for the soils of WAA. A study of correlation coefficients showed that, for the soils of WAA, there was a negative relationship between the recovery of applied P and the clay content (r =-0.59, P≤ 0.05), whereas there was a positive relationship between the recovery of P and the active CaCO 3 (ACCE) content (r = 0.64, P ≤ 0.01). For the soils of WAI, there was a negative correlation between the Olsen P-based recovery and the clay content (r =-0.61, P ≤ 0.01). The decline in extractable P with time was best fitted to a second order kinetic equation. The kinetic rate constant (k) ranged from 0.092 to 0.55 mg kg-1 d-1 for the soils of WAI and from 0.31 to 0.92 mg kg-1 d-1 for the soils of WAA. The kinetic rate constant (k) increased with increasing the ratio of the clay content to ACCE for all soils of WAI. A regression analysis study showed that the ratio of clay/ACCE was the major factor governing P retention.