Research on Regional Short-Term Power Load Forecasting Model and Case Analysis

Kang Qian, Xinyi Wang, Yue Yuan
2021 Processes  
Integrated energy services will have multiple values and far-reaching significance in promoting energy transformation and serving "carbon peak and carbon neutralization". In order to balance the supply and demand of power system in integrated energy, it is necessary to establish a scientific model for power load forecasting. Different algorithms for short-term electric load forecasting considering meteorological factors are presented in this paper. The correlation between electric load and
more » ... rological factors is first analyzed. After the principal component analysis (PCA) of meteorological factors and autocorrelation analysis of the electric load, the daily load forecasting model is established by optimal support vector machine (OPT-SVM), Elman neural network (ENN), as well as their combinations through linear weighted average, geometric weighted average, and harmonic weighted average method, respectively. Based on the actual data of an industrial park of Nantong in China, the prediction performance in the four seasons with the different models is evaluated. The main contribution of this paper is to compare the effectiveness of different models for short-term electric load forecasting and to give a guideline to build the proper methods for load forecasting.
doi:10.3390/pr9091617 fatcat:zd4homdoxfb6tkmk65eagpauiu