Human Septic Myopathy: Induction of Cyclooxygenase, Heme Oxygenase and Activation of the Ubiquitin Proteolytic Pathway

Christophe Rabuel, Estelle Renaud, David Brealey, Philippe Ratajczak, Thibaut Damy, Arnaud Alves, Aïda Habib, Mervyn Singer, Didier Payen, Alexandre Mebazaa
2004 Anesthesiology  
Skeletal muscle failure and wasting are manifestations of sepsis in humans that leads to serious and prolonged complications. The authors investigated the role of the major proinflammatory and antiinflammatory pathways, namely the inducible isoforms cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and heme oxygenase (HO-1), and the ubiquitin proteolytic pathway in skeletal muscle of septic patients. Methods: Protein expression was detected by Western blot techniques. Muscle biopsies were taken from two muscle groups,
more » ... o muscle groups, rectus abdominis and vastus lateralis, of septic and control patients. Results: The study showed an increase in COX-2 and HO-1 proteins expression and an activation of the proteolytic ubiquitin pathway with a parallel increase in free ubiquitin and ubiquitinated proteins in skeletal muscle of septic but not of control patients. In addition, those patients who would die from septic shock expressed more COX-2 and HO-1 proteins in muscle biopsies than did those patients who would survive. Conclusions: This study showed a marked involvement of local proinflammatory and antiinflammatory pathways and, more importantly, demonstrated the existence of an active ubiquitin proteolytic pathway in skeletal muscle of septic patients. Activation of ubiquitin pathway could be involved in sepsis-related muscle catabolism and wasting.
doi:10.1097/00000542-200409000-00006 pmid:15329582 fatcat:62bnasy2qvbxfcd6x4hulmnlom