Analogical Arguings and Explainings

Fred Johnson
1989 Informal Logic  
The thesis defended below is that the arguments associated with many common uses of analogy in reasoning have a simple, valid deductive structure. These uses of analogy are not properly accommodated by accounts of analogy in which the associated arguments have an inductive (Mill 1889), abductive (Peirce 1960), or eductive (W.E. Johnson 1964) structure. In this discussion I will stress the distinction between the activity of arguing and the passive entity which is the associated argument. For
more » ... ed argument. For several of the examples discussed below we shall find analogies "in" arguings but not "in" their associated argument. This should not be surprising. Often, analogical reasoning is indirect reasoning. It is similar to ironic reasoning. If someone announces a premise ironically, it would be a mistake to say that irony did not play a role in the reasoning, but the irony will not show up in the associated argument.
doi:10.22329/il.v11i3.2629 fatcat:ilbxx3ssmfcetof73snnfn7byq