Comparing the functional structure of neural networks from representational similarity analysis with those from functional connectivity and univariate analyses [article]

Ineke Pillet, Hans Op de Beeck, Haemy Lee Masson
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
AbstractThe invention of representational similarity analysis (RSA, following multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA)) has allowed cognitive neuroscientists to identify the representational structure of multiple brain regions, moving beyond functional localization. By comparing these structures, cognitive neuroscientists can characterize how brain areas form functional networks. Univariate analysis (UNIVAR) and functional connectivity analysis (FCA) are two other popular methods to identify the
more » ... tional structure of brain networks. Despite their popularity, few studies have examined the relationship between the structure of the networks from RSA with those from UNIVAR and FCA. Thus, the aim of the current study is to examine the similarities between neural networks derived from RSA with those from UNIVAR and FCA to explore how these methods relate to each other. We analyzed the data of a previously published study with the three methods and compared the results by performing (partial) correlation and multiple regression analysis. Our findings reveal that neural networks resulting from RSA, UNIVAR, and FCA methods are highly similar to each other even after ruling out the effect of anatomical proximity between the network nodes. Nevertheless, the neural network from each method shows idiosyncratic structure that cannot be explained by any of the other methods. Thus, we conclude that the RSA, UNIVAR and FCA methods provide similar but not identical information on how brain regions are organized in functional networks.
doi:10.1101/487199 fatcat:rgkhpfgyend2djtypdarursmoa