Triterpene saponins from tea seed pomace (Camellia oleifera Abel) and their cytotoxic activity on MCF-7 cells in vitro

Xin-Fu Zhang, Ying-Ying Han, Tai-Mei Di, Li-Ping Gao, Tao Xia
2019 Figshare  
Triterpenoid saponins are the main active ingredients extracted from Camellia oleifera Abel. In this study, crude saponins (Tc) was extracted from tea seed pomace and purified to obtain total saponins (T0). We used a COSMOSIL C18-OPN to separate T0 into three fractions—highly polar saponins (T1), moderately polar saponins (T2), and weakly polar saponins (T3). HPLC-ESI-MS analysis revealed that T2 were mainly composed of components with m/z ([M-H]–) of 1201.5617, 1187.5822, 1245.5862, and
more » ... 45.5862, and 1215.5779. Cell cycle analysis showed that both T0 and T2 inhibited proliferation and induced S phase arrest of MCF-7 cells. Further cell invasion assays demonstrated T0 and T2 also significantly reduced the invasive potential of MCF-7 cells. So T2 extracted from tea seed pomace (Camellia oleifera) may have effective antitumor activity.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.9725168.v1 fatcat:ydxl3ppg2rav5idmmesg3o6xke