Hiv/Aids: Knowledge and Practices among the Elderly in Delta State of Nigeria
IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science
This study is aimed at examining the level of awareness of HIV/AIDS phenomenon among the elderly in selected rural communities of Delta State and how the knowledge acquired is put into practice. A sample of 150 elderly aged 60 years and above was selected from five rural communities using the random sampling technique. The instrument for gathering data was a validated interview schedule reflecting knowledge about means of transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS and practices of high risk
... of high risk behaviour. The procedure used trained research assistant from the area to administer the research instrument in their native language. The study was carried out between October and December, 2010. One hundred and forty three of the one hundred and fifty elderly studied (95.33%) knew the sexual route of HIV/AIDS transmission. 68 of the elderly studied (76.6%) knew the preventive role of condoms, and 111 of the elderly studied (74.0%) knew the preventive role of restricting ones self to regular sexual partner. A relationship was found between knowledge and practices of preventive measures. There is awareness of the existence of HIV/AIDS, its mode of transmission and the method of prevention. There is however, the problem of changing individual sexual behaviour. However, with the high rate of spread of HIV/AIDS sweeping across the country, health education programmes need to be evaluated for successful implementation of right sexual behaviour in the population.