Mnemonic neuronal activity in somatosensory cortex

Y. D. Zhou, J. M. Fuster
1996 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Single-unit activity was recorded from the hand areas of the somatosensory cortex of monkeys trained to perform a haptic delayed matching to sample task with objects of identical dimensions but different surface features. During the memory retention period of the task (delay), many units showed sustained firing frequency change, either excitation or inhibition. In some cases, firing during that period was significantly higher after one sample object than after another. These observations
more » ... e the participation of somatosensory neurons not only in the perception but in the short-term memory of tactile stimuli. Neurons most directly implicated in tactile memory are (i) those with object-selective delay activity, (ii) those with nondifferential delay activity but without activity related to preparation for movement, and (iii) those with delay activity in the haptic-haptic delayed matching task but no such activity in a control visuo-haptic delayed matching task The results indicate that cells in early stages of cortical somatosensory processing participate in haptic short-term memory.
doi:10.1073/pnas.93.19.10533 pmid:8927629 pmcid:PMC38421 fatcat:qjgcikwadncdhaiirfaltim3ii