The Archaeological Surveying in Wadi Al – yabis in Jordan (( Athnoarchology study ))

المدرس الدكتور كاظم عبد لله عطیة
2019 Journal of College of Education for Women  
Wadi AL – yabis situated to the north jorden , its extended from Aglon mountain to the jorden river , the surveying of this valley about 186 KM , and the highest point in it about 1200 m upon the sea level , the lower point ther under the sea level . This study lay to appear the historical important and to study the variation of environment and population which happened in the different periods , in the beginning the Paleolithic until the later period , and to understand the environment ,
more » ... environment , political and economical circumstances , which it can to influenced or limited in human behavior from choosing , the settlement sits and than ( we could ) knowledge of living ways and the tools which they used in there living and show the architectural ways. About the name of this valley which nominated in this name which related to some one his name ( yabis ) and this name didn't refer to disappeared the plantations in it , and it is recently name of this valley is AL – Rayan valley . The important historical period which found some settlement relics in this valley a 1. pre pottery Neolithic A and B 2. chalcolithic ( 3750 – 3200 B.C ) 3. Bronza Age ( 3200 – 1200 B.C ) 4. Iron Age ( 1200 – 586 B.C ) 5. Bersian and Hellenistic Age ( 539 – 64 B.C ) 6. Roman Age ( 64 B.C – 333 A.D ) 7. Byzantine Age ( 333 – 635 A.D ) 8. Islamic and Modern Ages ( 635 A.D ) After the first war world , ( this valley ) abandoned because nomadic attic upon this sites , in addition abandoned almost of that sites which in this valley . The most important sites which excavated there are AL – Raheb site in Arjan , Iraq AL – Dubb site , Tell EL – Meqbereh and Kurkuma site , they are found in it some material relics which go back to that period above . The population of these villages depended upon the plantations (essentially ) because much heavy rain and well available like Ean – AL – bedha , Ean – AL – tanor and others scatter in the valley . The population of this valley buried there dead under the house floors in earlier periods and than in the cemetery [...]
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